05 Oct Types of Sushi
There are a many different types of sushi, depending on how the sushi is made and how sushi is presented. Here are the most common you’ll find at a sushi restaurant:
The bite size of molded sushi rice topped with wasabi and a filet of raw or cooked fish or shellfish. This is sushi evolved in Edo (Tokyo Bay) area. Generally the most common form of sushi you will see.
The rice and seaweed rolls with fish and/or vegetables. There are also more specific terms for the rolls depending on the style. They are:
Futomaki – thick rolls
Hosomaki – thin rolls
Uramaki – inside-out rolls
Temaki – Te in Japanese means ‘hand,’ so te-maki means hand roll. Cones of sushi rice, fish and vegetables wrapped in seaweed.
Usually a bowl or box of sushi rice topped with a variety of sashimi. It is commonly eaten in Japan because it is filling, fast and easy to make.
Oshizushi is a pressed sushi from the western Japan area (Kansai area), a specialty of Osaka. A block-shaped piece formed using a wooden mold, called an oshibako. The chef lines the bottom of the oshibako with the toppings, covers them with sushi rice, and then presses the lid of the mold down to create a compact, rectilinear block. The block is removed from the mold and then cut into bite-sized pieces.
Inarizushi is a pouch of fried tofu filled with usually just sushi rice. It is named after the Shinto god Inari, who is believed to have a fondness for fried tofu. The pouch is normally fashioned as deep-fried tofu. There are slight regional variations. It should not be confused with inari maki, which is a roll filled with flavored fried tofu. A very large version, sweeter than normal and often containing bits of carrot, is popular in Hawaii, where it is called “cone sushi.”
The increasing popularity of roll type of sushi in North America as well as around the world has resulted in variations of sushi typically found in the West but rarely if at all in Japan. Such creations to suit the Western palate were initially fueled by the invention of the California roll. A wide variety of popular rolls has evolved since.